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Cereals

This chapter describes medium-term projections for the consumption, production, trade and prices of wheat, maize, rice and other coarse grains. The chapter concludes with a discussion of key risks and uncertainties that could have implications for world cereal markets over the next decade including those related to Russia’s war against Ukraine, to the macroeconomic and policy environment, to crop and animal diseases and extreme weather events.

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Oilseeds

This chapter describes medium-term projections for the consumption, production, trade and prices of soybean, other oilseeds (i.e. rapeseed, sunflower seed, and groundnuts), protein meal and vegetable oil (including palm oil). The chapter concludes with a discussion of key risks and uncertainties that could have implications for world oilseed markets over the next decade including those related to human and animal diseases (e.g. COVID-19, African Swine Fever), to growing environmental concerns about soybean and palm oil production, and to biofuel policies.

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Sugar

This chapter describes medium-term projections for the consumption, production, trade and prices of sugar beet, sugar cane, sugar, molasses and high-fructose corn syrup. The chapter concludes with a discussion of key risks and uncertainties that could have implications for world sugar markets over the next decade including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, to climate change, to policy developments in main producing countries (in particular Brazil and India), and to the implementation of policies to curb sugar consumption.

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Meat

This chapter describes medium-term projections for the consumption, production, trade and prices of beef and veal, pigmeat, poultry and sheepmeat. The chapter concludes with a discussion of key risks and uncertainties that could have implications for world meat markets over the next decade including those related to human and animal diseases (e.g. COVID-19, African Swine Fever), to climate change policies and changing consumer preferences.

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Dairy

This chapter describes medium-term projections for the consumption, production, trade and prices of milk, fresh dairy products, butter, cheese, skimmed milk powder and whole milk powder. The chapter concludes with a discussion of key risks and uncertainties that could have implications for world dairy markets over the next decade including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, to change in the trade and policy environment, to changing consumer preferences (e.g. plant-based dairy replacements), and to animal diseases.

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Fish

This chapter describes medium-term projections for the consumption, production, trade and prices of fish from catch and aquaculture, fish oil and fishmeal. The chapter concludes with a discussion of key risks and uncertainties that could have implications for world fish markets over the next decade including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, to volatility in energy markets, to change in Chinese policies, and to sustainable fisheries and aquaculture management.

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Biofuels

This chapter describes medium-term projections for the consumption, production, trade and prices of ethanol and biodiesel, and for the use of the main biofuel feedstock i.e. vegetable oils for biodiesel, and maize and sugar crops for ethanol. The chapter also highlights key policy developments underlying the projections in the main ethanol and biodiesel markets. It concludes with a discussion of key risks and uncertainties that could have implications for world biofuel markets over the next decade including those related to developments in policies and in the crude oil price, and to the uptake of electric vehicles.

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Cotton

This chapter describes medium-term projections for the consumption, production, trade and prices of cotton, along with evolution in polyester and other synthetic fibres markets, the main substitutes for cotton. The chapter concludes with a discussion of key risks and uncertainties that could have implications for world cotton markets over the next decade including those related to economic growth and urbanisation, to the policy environment, to changing consumer preferences (e.g. second hand clothing, natural fibres), and to pests and weather conditions.

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Other products

This chapter provides a market overview and a description of the current market situation for roots and tubers (i.e. cassava, potato, yams, sweet potato, taro), pulses (i.e. field peas, broad beans, chickpeas, lentils), and banana and major tropical fruits (i.e. mango, mangosteen and guava, pineapple, avocado and papaya) markets. It then highlights the medium term (2020-29) projections for production, consumption and trade for these products and describes the main drivers of these projections.

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