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Cereals

This chapter discusses projections for the production of wheat, maize, rice and other coarse grains and their consumption as food, feed or biofuel feedstock, along with price, stock and trade developments for these products. The chapter concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties that might affect affecting world cereal markets over the coming decade including those related to the macroeconomic and policy environment, to crop and animal diseases and extreme weather events.

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Oilseeds

This chapter discusses projections for the production of soybean, other oilseeds (i.e. rapeseed, sunflower seed, and groundnuts), protein meal and vegetable oil (including palm oil) and their consumption as food, feed or biofuel feedstock, along with price and trade developments for these products. The chapter concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties that might affect world oilseed markets over the coming decade including those related to human and animal diseases (e.g. COVID-19, African Swine Fever), to growing environmental concerns about soybean and palm oil production, and to biofuel policies.

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Sugar

This chapter discusses projections for the production of sugar beet, sugar cane, sugar, molasses and high-fructose corn syrup and their consumption as food or biofuel feedstock, along with price and trade developments for these products. The chapter concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties that might affect world sugar markets over the coming decade including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, to the emergence of new products derived from sugar crops, to policy developments in main producing countries (in particular Brazil and India), and to the implementation of policies to curb sugar consumption.

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Meat

This chapter discusses price, production, consumption and trade developments for beef and veal, pigmeat, poultry and sheepmeat. The chapter concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties that might affect world meat markets over the coming decade including those related to human and animal diseases (e.g. COVID-19, African Swine Fever), to climate change policies and changing consumer preferences.

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Dairy

This chapter discusses price, production, consumption and trade developments for milk, fresh dairy products, butter, cheese, skimmed milk powder and whole milk powder. The chapter concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties that might affect world dairy markets over the coming decade including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, to change in the trade and policy environment, to changing consumer preferences (e.g. plant-based dairy replacements), to animal diseases and extreme weather events.

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Fish

This chapter discusses price, production, consumption and trade developments for fish from catch and aquaculture, fish oil and fishmeal. The chapter concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties that might affect world fish markets over the coming decade including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, to change in Chinese policies, and to sustainable fisheries and aquaculture management.

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Biofuels

This chapter discusses price, production, consumption and trade developments for ethanol and biodiesel together with evolutions in the use of the main biofuel feedstock i.e. vegetable oils for biodiesel, and maize and sugar crops for ethanol. The chapter also highlights key policy developments underlying the projections in the main ethanol and biodiesel markets. It concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties that might affect world biofuel markets over the coming decade including those related to policy developments and the crude oil price.

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Cotton

This chapter discusses price, production, stock, consumption and trade developments for cotton along with evolution in polyester and other synthetic fibres markets, the main substitutes for cotton. The chapter concludes with a discussion of important risks and uncertainties that might affect world cotton markets over the coming decade including those related to economic growth and urbanisation, to the policy environment, to changing consumer preferences (e.g. second hand clothing, natural fibres), and to pests and weather conditions.

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Other products

This chapter provides a market overview and a description of the current market situation for roots and tubers (i.e. cassava, potato, yams, sweet potato, taro), pulses (i.e. field peas, broad beans, chickpeas, lentils), and banana and major tropical fruits (i.e. mango, mangosteen and guava, pineapple, avocado and papaya) markets. It then highlights the medium term (2020-29) projections for production, consumption and trade for these products and describes the main drivers of these projections.

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